双色球万能缩水

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蔬菜高效水肥一体化灌溉技术的实践与发展建议

随着“菜篮子”工程的实施,近年来我国的蔬菜产业发展迅猛,在中国经济发展特别是在农业结构调整过程中有重要的地位。目前,我国年人均蔬菜占有量已达311.10kg,大大超过世界人均105.00kg的水平。施肥和灌溉是蔬菜生产中两项重要的田间作业,肥料成本是生产成本的重要组成,灌溉水资源的利用与保护,关系到农业的可持续发展和生态保护。长期以来,蔬菜灌溉施肥模式的落后与肥料的过度滥用,不仅制约了我国蔬菜生产的长期健康发展,也导致食品安全危机、环境污染等一系列严重问题的产生。 广义的水肥一体化是指根据作物需求,对农田水分和养分进行综合调控和一体化管理,以水促肥、以肥调水,实现水肥耦合,全面提升农田水肥利用效率。狭义的水肥一体化是将肥料溶解在水中,借助管道灌溉系统,使灌溉与施肥同时进行,适时适量地满足作物对水分和养分的需求,实现水肥一体化管理和高效利用。研究表明,地表灌溉的利用率仅为45%,喷灌 ...
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双色球万能缩水SUIZHE“CAILANZI”GONGCHENGDESHISHI,JINNIANLAIWOGUODESHUCAICHANYEFAZHANXUNMENG,ZAIZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANTEBIESHIZAINONGYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENGGUOCHENGZHONGYOUZHONGYAODEDIWEI。MUQIAN,WOGUONIANRENJUNSHUCAIZHANYOULIANGYIDA311.10kg,DADACHAOGUOSHIJIERENJUN105.00kgDESHUIPING。SHIFEIHEGUANGAISHISHUCAISHENGCHANZHONGLIANGXIANGZHONGYAODETIANJIANZUOYE,FEILIAOCHENGBENSHISHENGCHANCHENGBENDEZHONGYAOZUCHENG,GUANGAISHUIZIYUANDELIYONGYUBAOHU,GUANXIDAONONGYEDEKECHIXUFAZHANHESHENGTAIBAOHU。ZHANGQIYILAI,SHUCAIGUANGAISHIFEIMOSHIDELUOHOUYUFEILIAODEGUODULANYONG,BUJINZHIYUELEWOGUOSHUCAISHENGCHANDEZHANGQIJIANKANGFAZHAN,YEDAOZHISHIPINANQUANWEIJI、HUANJINGWURANDENGYIXILIEYANZHONGWENTIDECHANSHENG。

GUANGYIDESHUIFEIYITIHUASHIZHIGENJUZUOWUXUQIU,DUINONGTIANSHUIFENHEYANGFENJINXINGZONGHEDIAOKONGHEYITIHUAGUANLI,YISHUICUFEI、YIFEIDIAOSHUI,SHIXIANSHUIFEIOUHE,QUANMIANTISHENGNONGTIANSHUIFEILIYONGXIAOLV。XIAYIDESHUIFEIYITIHUASHIJIANGFEILIAORONGJIEZAISHUIZHONG,JIEZHUGUANDAOGUANGAIXITONG,SHIGUANGAIYUSHIFEITONGSHIJINXING,SHISHISHILIANGDIMANZUZUOWUDUISHUIFENHEYANGFENDEXUQIU,SHIXIANSHUIFEIYITIHUAGUANLIHEGAOXIAOLIYONG。YANJIUBIAOMING,DIBIAOGUANGAIDELIYONGLVJINWEI45%,PENGUANWEI75%,ERDIGUANGAODA95%,HAIKEJIEYUE60%YISHANGDEFEILIAO,JIESHENG80%YISHANGDEYONGGONG。SUIZHENONGYEBUDUISHUIFEIYITIHUAYINGYONGFANWEIYIJIZHONGSHICHENGDUBUDUANJIADA,SHUCAISHUIFEIYITIHUAJINCHENGDEDAOLEYOUXIAOTUIGUANG。TUIGUANGSHUIFEIYITIHUAJISHUJIUSHIJIANGGUANGAISHIFEIXIAOYIZUIDAHUA。

1、SHUCAIGAOXIAOGUANGAIDEZHUYAOMOSHI

YITAODIANXINGDEGAOXIAOGUANGAIXITONGTONGCHANGYOUSHOUBUSHUNIU、KONGZHIXITONG、GONGSHUIGUANWANGJIGUANSHUIQIDENGZUCHENG。SHOUBUSHUNIUYIBANBAOKUOQUSHUIKOU、TISHUIZENGYABENG、GUOLVXITONG、SHIFEIXITONG;KONGZHIXITONGBAOKUODIANQIKONGZHIJUHUOCHENGXUKONGZHIQI、DIANCIFAHUOZHAFA、CHUANGANQI、KONGZHIXIANLUDENG;GONGSHUIGUANWANGBAOKUOZONGGUAN、GANGUAN、ZHIGUANHEMAOGUAN;GUANSHUIQISHIZHENGGEXITONGMODUANDEGUANSHUIZHUANGZHI,FENWEIDIGUAN、WEIPENHEPENGUANXILIE。

(1)DIGUAN

DIGUANSHIANZHAOZUOWUDEXUSHUIYAOQIU,TONGGUOZHENGTISHIDEDIGUANDAI、DIGUANGUAN,JIANGANZHUANGZAIMAOGUANSHANGDEDIJIAN、DITOUHUOZHEQITAKONGKOUSHIGUANSHUIQIBASHUIHUOZHEFEILIAOJUNYUNERYOUJINGZHUNDIDIRUZUOWUGENXIQUFUJIANTURANGZHONGDEGUANSHUIFANGFA。DIGUANBUHUIPOHUAITURANGJIEGOU,KEYISHITURANGNEIBUSHUI、FEI、QI、REDENGJINGCHANGBAOCHIZAISHIYIZUOWUSHENGCHANDELIANGHAOZHUANGKUANG,ZHENGFASUNSHIXIAO,BUCHANSHENGDIMIANJINGLIUJISHENCENGSHENLOU。YOUYUJUYOUJINGZHUN、WEILIANG、KEKONGDENGTEDIAN,DIGUANXITONGSHIGAOXIAOSHUIFEIYITIHUAGUANGAIZHONGYINGYONGZUIDUODEZAITI。

(2)WEIPEN

WEIPENSHILIYONGZHESHE、XUANZHUANHUOFUSHESHIDENGWEIXINGPENTOU,HUOWEIPENDAIDENGGUANSHUIQI,JIANGSHUIHUOFEILIAOJUNYUNPENSADAOZUOWUBIAOMIANHUOGENQUDEGUANSHUIXINGSHI,WEIPENDEGONGZUOYALIDI、LIULIANGXIAO,YUDIGUANYIQIJUNSHUYUWEIGUANFANCHOU。ANYONGTUBUTONGFENWEIYIGUANGAIHEDIAOJIEXIAOQIHOUWEIMUDE2ZHONG,SHIYONGYUSUOYOUSHIHEYEMIANGUANGAIDESHUCAI。

(3)PENGUAN

PENGUANSHIJIEZHUZHUANYEDEPENTOUJIANGJUYOUYIDINGYALIDESHUIPENSADAOKONGZHONG,SANCHENGXIMIJUNYUNDESHUIDIHOUJIANGLUODAODIMIANHUOZUOWUYEMIANDEGUANSHUIFANGFA。YINCAIZHIBUTONG,PENGUANPENTOUTONGCHANGYOUSULIAO、HEJINHEQUANTONGDENGLEIXING;CONGPENSAJIAODUSHANGLAIFEN,YOUQUANYUANHEKEKONGJIAOPENTOU;CONGANZHUANGXINGSHISHANGTONGCHANGFENWEIYIDONGSHI、BANGUDINGSHIHEGUDINGSHIPENGUANXITONG。CHANGYONGDEYAOBEISHIPENTOUPENSABANJINGKECONGJIMIDAOSHUSHIMI。PENGUANJUYOUFUGAIFANWEIDA、TOUZIJIAODI、ANZHUANGSHIYONGFANGBIANDENGTEDIAN,GUANGFANYONGYUDAMIANJIZHONGZHIDELUTIANSHUCAIJIDI。

(4)CHAOXIGUANGAI

CHAOXIGUANGAISHIYIZHONGZHENDUIPENZAIZHIWUDEYINGYANGYEZAIPEIHEWEIRONGQIYUMIAOSUOSHEJIDEDIBUJISHUIDEXIANJINGUANGAIFANGSHI。CHAOXIGUANGAIXITONGYOUYINGYANGYEXUNHUANXITONG、KONGZHIXITONG、ZAIPEICHUANG、ZAIPEIRONGQIZUCHENG。GAIFANGSHILIYONGLUOCHAYUANLI,SHIXIANDINGSHIJISHUIYUSHIFEI。JIANGZHONGZHIPENZHIYUYINGYANGZHONGZHICAONEI,YINGYANGYEDINGQIXUNHUANLIUDONG,XUDINGQIJIANCEHEDIAOJIEYINGYANGYE。

双色球万能缩水2、ZHUYAOSHUCAISHIYIDEGAOXIAOGUANGAIMOSHI

SHUIWEISHUCAIDESHENGZHANGTIGONGBIYAOTIAOJIAN,SHUI、FEI、QI、REDENGJIBENYAOSUZHONG,SHUIZUIWEIHUOYUE。SHUCAISHIXUSHUILIANGJIAODADEZUOWU,YUQITANONGZUOWUXIANGBI,SHUCAIDUISHUIFENYOUWEIMINGAN。SHUCAISHENGZHANGQIJIANGUANSHUIJIAOWEIPINFAN,GUANSHUIJISHIYUFOUDUICHANLIANGDEGAODIHEZHILIANGHAOHUAIYOUMINGXIANYINGXIANG。

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